Along with macronutrients i.e. proteins, carbohydrates and fats, it is critical that beneficiaries, especially young children and their mothers also get small quantities of essential micronutrients such as calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium along with a range of key vitamins for adequate growth and development.
These micronutrients play a crucial role in a child’s development during the first thousand days after birth. For example, 80% of a child’s brain develops by the age of 2 years, and these micronutrients are key to ensuring that the child develops adequate cognitive abilities.
As per the Recommended Dietary Allowances by the Indian Council of Medical Research, infants below 12 months of age need at-least 80 Kcals energy per day while children from age 1 to 6 need up-to 1350 Kcals of energy per day.